The Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy released a report last month discussing how current federal policies “do not adequately reduce access to firearms by individuals who meet […] evidence-based criteria for risk of violence.”
Read the full report here.
The Consortium recommends that the following actions be taken in pursuit of this goal:
- Current state law should be strengthened to temporarily bar individuals from purchasing or possessing firearms after a short-term involuntary hospitalization. The process for restoring firearm rights should also be clarified and improved.
- States should enact new prohibitions on individuals’ ability to buy or own a firearm that reflect evidence-based risk of danger, including the following at-risk groups: people convicted of a violent misdemeanor, people subject to a temporary domestic violence restraining order, people convicted of two or more DUIs in a period of five years, or people convicted of two or more misdemeanors involving a controlled substance in a period of five years.
- Develop a mechanism to authorize police officers to remove firearms when they identify someone who poses an immediate risk of harm to self or others. States should also provide law enforcement with a way to request a warrant authorizing gun removal when the risk of harm to self or others is credible, but not immediate. A new civil restraining order process should also be created that would allow family members and intimate partners to petition the court to authorize removal of firearms and temporarily bar firearm purchase and possession based on a credible risk of harm to self or others, even when domestic violence is not an issue.
Connecticut, Indiana, and Texas each provide a process for law enforcement (police, sheriffs, and/or prosecutors) to determine whether an individual poses an imminent danger and whether the interests of public safety warrant a prohibition on buying or owning a gun.